HOW TO IDENTIFY FLEAS
Fleas are the tiny organisms which belong to the category of insects. They are wingless and their structure which is flattened from the sideways, help them in moving easily through the fur and wings of the host. They vary in size but the most common size of fleas are 1.5 to 3.3 mm long. They are usually dark in color like reddish brown or an orange tinge.
They act as a parasite on some animals and even birds. Their strong and long legs help them in clenching to their host while they suck the blood through epipharynx.
- Unusual scratching- If you experience an unusual amount of scratching then fleas might be the reason behind it. The same goes for the pets so it has to be observed if your pet is scratching or biting his skin a lot.
- Restlessness- When fleas invade the outer layer of a host, their presence causes a lot of restlessness among the hosts. It has to be determined properly in both humans and pets.
- Red patches on the skin- When a flea bites the host it can cause an unusual rash on the skin of the host which can be easily noticed.
- Powdered remnants- If you find remnants of white, brown, or black on the skin of the host as well as the carpet or other such areas then you can be sure that there are fleas. The white remnants are the eggs of the fleas, and the dark ones are the waste excreted by them after the consumption of blood.
- Hair loss- Though there are many reasons for hair loss, one of them is alopecia which is a reaction to flea bites. So if constant hair loss is observed then it should be treated severely.
- Pale gums- Anemia is a disease which is related to the lack of red blood cells in the body. If you see that your pet’s gums are pale then it might indicate a flea infestation, as fleas suck the blood from the body of the host and make it deprived of red blood cells.