LIFE CYCLE OF A MOSQUITO [INFOGRAPHIC]
LIFECYCLE OF A MOSQUITO INFOGRAPHIC
Females after sucking blood and deriving the essential nutrients from blood develop their eggs. Then they lay them in water or near water sources like on soil or on the base of plants where there will be water.
Mosquito eggs can survive without water for a few months and hatch when they are exposed to water.
Mosquito larva is also called wriggler and it emerges from the egg after it hatches in water. It molts several times in water. Mosquito species, water temperature, and food availability determine the time to hatch.
After living and feeding in water, the larva develops into a pupa which is also called tumbler. Pupa stage it’s more of a resting stage and it lives in water without feeding.
Pupal stage last from few days to a week and then the adult mosquito emerges from the pupal case. Soon after emerging from pupal case, adult mosquito flies away.
A typically a mosquito life cycle completes within 2 weeks but it can range from 4 days to a month.
PURPOSE OF MOSQUITOES IN THE ECOSYSTEM
The mosquito plays a significant role in the food chain and contribute to other facets of the ecosystem.
Mosquito contributes a lot in the food chain and serves as the primary food source of several birds and animals such as lizards, fish, frogs, spiders, etc. Mosquito larva feeds on algae in the water and when it grows into an adult mosquito and become a food source for other animals, it eventually benefits them with valuable nutrients.
Mosquitoes initially feed upon plant and flower nectars and female mosquitoes though later start feeding upon blood, males always thrive on nectars. This nectar diet ultimately helps in pollinating various types of flowers.
Mosquitoes are beneficial for those plants that grow in swampy conditions. As mosquito larva grows and feeds on the organic matter in water, this aids in cleaning the dead insects from plants’ surroundings. Moreover plants also take benefit from the nutrients like nitrogen which is released by larvae in water.