The Funnel Web Spider
One of the most dangerous families of spiders is Atracidae family which is commonly known as the Funnel Web Spider, native to Australia. This family incorporates around 35 species, each having its distinct features with some general traits. So if you’re living in coastal areas of Australia, you should have sound knowledge about them.
HOW TO IDENTIFY FUNNEL WEB SPIDERS
The appearance of a Funnel Web Spider varies from species to species. Generally, they all are brownish and grayish in color bearing dark colored bands and marks; their body and legs are usually covered with hairs. Their size varies within the range of 0.4 to 2.0 inches and mostly Funnel Web Spiders have a long tail-like body shape.
Their webs have distinct funnel shape web tube with flat surface; the flat surface works by entangling preys, whereas funnel tube provides spiders safe escape to their burrows which are made either underground or in the crevices.
They are immensely aggressive towards their prey. Their venom is so strong that it can kill its prey instantly. They usually hide under wood piles, rocks, gardens, burrows, corners of the buildings, and in the dark areas of the home.
They aren’t habitual of attacking humans, but if disturbed or come in contact while digging, they bite people in defense.
Most obvious and intimidating sign of funnel web spiders’ presence is the existence of cone-shaped webs on the surface of building structures or on vegetation.
Common symptoms in case of an unfortunate encounter with funnel web spiders include local pain, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, numbness in mouth, salivation and sweating. In case of such symptoms, emergency medical treatment should be taken as funnel web spiders’ bites are lethal.